Education system in Mongolia

The first Education Law of Mongolia was adopted in 1968. In July 1991, and June 1995, the Parliament of Mongolia revised the law and approved the amendments to the Education Law. The law provides that:

Education shall be under government supervision.

Basic education shall be compulsory.

General education provided through state school (elementary or basic education, secondary education) shall be free.

Various options in the forms and organization of education shall be made available, and these options shall be free and open. Thus the legal basis for a new educational system in Mongolia based on interest, ability and the needs of citizens has been formed.

Mongolian Language

Mongolian language is one of oldest languages in the world. During the great conquest Mongolian language was near to Lingua Franca. There are some hypothesis that, Altaic languages such as Mongolian, Turkish and Tunisian are not relative languages, but mutually reflected and interaction and Mongolian language is independent language. So, researches classifying Mongolian language into few sub-classes.

  1. Mongolian language for Mongols from Mongolian republic and Mongols from China’s Inner Mongolia.

2 – 3. Languages for Buriats and Kalmyk’s from Russia

4 – 8. Language for Uighurs, mongors and buukhans from China and mogols from Afghanistan.

It is wrong idea, where language substituted by dialects, in dependence from political and administration division. In the reality, only on Mongolian language. The Mongolian script has a great role in the formation and development of Mongolian language. This script had preserved a common literature language, because was formed for adequate service to all of dialects. Unfortunately, Russian Bolsheviks had attached to this common literary language. They had prohibited Kalmyk’s Buriats and Tuvas from 1927 to 1931 to use Mongolian language as a literary language. In 1944, Soviet Union had exported ultimatum like new script, based on krill script and Mongolian language. Development had oriented a wrong direction. During the <<Cultural Revolution>> inner Mongols had reaction by Chinese <<red defenders>> in language.

There are many precious historical, religion and literary creations was wrote with thousand year old Mongolian language and many of them preserved to our generation.