Mongol leader Chinggis Khan (1162-1227) rose from humble beginnings to establish the largest land empire in history. After uniting the nomadic tribes of the Mongolian plateau, he conquered huge chunks of central Asia and China. His descendants expanded the empire even further, advancing to such far-off places as Poland, Vietnam, Syria and Korea. At their peak, the Mongols controlled between 11 and 12 million contiguous square miles, an area about the size of Africa. Many people were slaughtered in the course of Chinggis Khan’s invasions, but he also granted religious freedom to his subjects, abolished torture, encouraged trade and created the first international postal system. Chinggis Khan died in 1227. His final resting place remains unknown.
The Parliament House was located on the second floor of current National Education University of Mongolia in 1930. Since then it has changed its location few times until 1951 the year they got their own official Parliament House. It is 35,804 meter square and includes about 40 cabinets such as 10 conference halls, restaurant, library, gym, laundry shop, barber shop, pharmacy etc. The Parliament House is workplace of President of Mongolia, governor’s office and the general association of election. Nearly 1000 employees work at The Parliament House, also it safe keeps almost 100 precious rare paintings, 10 sculptures, carvings and the Mongolian 10 walled ger (yurt) with a statue of Chinggis Khan sitting on the throne.
Travel extraordinaire, cultural icon, and advisor to Khubilai Khan, the grandson of the notorious Chinggis Khan. Yes you read that right. During his expeditions across the globe, Marco Polo had stumbled upon the Mongolian Empire with his father and uncle. Khubilai Khan quickly got word of their arrival and had them brought to him at once. Very quickly, Marco Polo and his ensemble was a great asset to the khan as advisors and informants as they had brought back much useful news while on their travels around the Asian continent. Marco Polo quickly rose through the ranks and was positioned in high posts of the empire’s administration. For many years the Polos were of big help to the Khan.
The tale of Marco Polo’s time in Mongolia still echoes today with a statue that was commemorated in the Ulaanbaatar’s business district. An icon of travel, intelligence and wonder. Come join us in the grand adventure.