For the nomad life style horse is play an important part. In old time Mongols say that genuine Mongol “take birth on horseback and die on horseback”. Really, herder’s children has mount on horse at 3-years old and soon participate in horse-race. From ancient time Mongolia also was life of Mongolia in among the horses of Mongolia there are various genetic types on a natural kind. The Mongolian horses were arose 6 thousand years ago probably from the wild horses under the name Khulan and Takhi. The fast-track qualities of modern generations of the Mongolian horses originate at high –speed natural animal Force. When the horse lifts 75kgs weight on 1 – meter altitude refers to as one horse force Mass. The less than mass the easier overcomes earth attraction. At a jump mass of the horse is distributed at three main levels of motions. Moment of accumulation mass of the horse on back two legs. Moment of accumulation mass of the horse on forward and back two legs At the moment of equating mass of the horse on two back and forward legs the horse passes long distance From old time in Mongolia before race reduces deprived mass of the horse by long duration idle time of the horse both optimum feed also by constant jumps. Energy. At a jump the body of the horse gets the peculiar form both arrangements of forward and black legs and by that it creates conditions of accumulation of potential energy and also consumption’s as kinetic energy. Friction. During the horse’s jumping the flow of air creates friction on a surface of the horse’s body. The rough surface of the horse’s body smoothest out at the expense about force of friction of a flow of air at a jump. At such long duration process the body of the horse gets figure of an ellipse the figure of an ellipse is considered as the best form against resistance of a flow of air. Therefore bodies of the Mongolian fast horses have the oval round form Physical properties. At the Mongolian fast horses all the fast qualities are subordinated to some laws of mass, energy, friction and earth attraction of physics. Races are typically 30km long and the jockeys are children. Prizes are given to those who finish in the top 25%.
Horses are caught by means of a “uurga”, pole with a noose at the end. These incredible horsemen pride themselves on being able to pick up an “uurga” from the ground at a full gallop.
Cranes are large, long-legged, long-necked wading birds. there are 15 species of cranes in the world and 7 of them spend warm seasons in Mongolia.
By the end of March, beginning of April, crane pairs start flying in from warm parts China and Japan to have their young ones in parts of Mongolia.
As wetlands thaw, cranes lay eggs (usually two per nest) and by early June chicks come out to explore the surrounding.
You can observe these beautiful creatures when driving through Khangai regions of Mongolia.
The first Education Law of Mongolia was adopted in 1968. In July 1991, and June 1995, the Parliament of Mongolia revised the law and approved the amendments to the Education Law. The law provides that:
Education shall be under government supervision.
Basic education shall be compulsory.
General education provided through state school (elementary or basic education, secondary education) shall be free.
Various options in the forms and organization of education shall be made available, and these options shall be free and open. Thus the legal basis for a new educational system in Mongolia based on interest, ability and the needs of citizens has been formed.
Mongolia is a country of a unique symbiosis of various religions. Mongolians traditionally having professed polytheistic religion remain remarkably tolerant in regards to one’s faith and beliefs. Democratic principle of freedom of religion has always been ensured and guaranteed by the lifestyle traditions and mentality of people living in Mongolia. Shamanism is indigenous religion of Mongols. From time immemorial it has been practiced in Mongolia. Shamanism embraces a belief in powerful spirits who can influence people’s lives and fate. Today shamanism is on the blink of ceasing to exist with only few superficial rituals being practiced in some out of the away places. Buddhism of Mongolia Lamaism has many followers in today’s Mongolia. According to chronicles, Buddhism came to Mongolia round the 3rd century B.C as religion of the court. Between 6-11 centuries, many Buddhism sutras were translated into Mongolian and in the 13th century the very first Buddhist temples were built. Chinggis Khan encouraged Buddhism and Islamic devotions. Khubilai khan is alleged to have first confirmed a title of Dalai Lama from upon a Lama from Tibet. (Dalai Lama in Mongolian means a monk of immeasurable knowledge) The first Dalai Lama converted Mongolian King Altan Khan and his subjects to Buddhism in 1578. During the rule of Altai Khan the famous monastery of ErdeneZuu was built, which is now a popular tourist destination. In the Western part of Mongolia, Islam is professed by the Kazakhs. Today various forms of Christianity are being introduced by Western missionaries.
Public transportation services have been working under the several options in Ulaanbaatar city such as bus, taxi, and lined bus etc. And these services are comparatively easy to take and understand, for example, you can take a taxi by the road merely by lifting your arm. Also taking a bus is same as taking a bus foreign countries, simply with card scan system. You can get a bus card at every bus stop from newspaper booths with a sign “U” or (u money card). Taxi services are provided by taxi service companies and individuals who own cars. For tourists we suggest you to use official taxi company service. Generally all transportation services are safe for tourists and foreigners. Travel safe!
Mongolian Lunar 🌙 New Year, Tsagaan sar is one of the two main celebrations of Mongolia 🇲🇳 (other one Naadam Festival). It is nomads celebration for successfully surpassing the harsh cold winter months ❄️ and finally greeting the warm spring 🌱 . Families living in remote areas visit their elderly relatives and celebrate the beginning of spring. All kinds of delicious food 🍲🥘🥙 are prepared and the feast can continue for few days. It is a national celebration that brings together families and relatives together.
Shamanism is the very first faith that existed before religion in ancient Mongolia. Nowadays some people still believe and worship this religion (Mongolians don’t consider Shamanism as a religion, but see it as spiritual connection between human, natures). Therefore, people ask about their destiny, and solutions to issues, even diseases such as cancer, rheumatism and mental illness, etc. The northwestern part of Mongolia (people who live in deep forests) is famous of Shamanism.
Mongol leader Chinggis Khan (1162-1227) rose from humble beginnings to establish the largest land empire in history. After uniting the nomadic tribes of the Mongolian plateau, he conquered huge chunks of central Asia and China. His descendants expanded the empire even further, advancing to such far-off places as Poland, Vietnam, Syria and Korea. At their peak, the Mongols controlled between 11 and 12 million contiguous square miles, an area about the size of Africa. Many people were slaughtered in the course of Chinggis Khan’s invasions, but he also granted religious freedom to his subjects, abolished torture, encouraged trade and created the first international postal system. Chinggis Khan died in 1227. His final resting place remains unknown.
When you get a chance to visit Mongolia in the middle of July, you should definitely stay and enjoy the Naadam Festival. You will see the four main games (wrestling, archery, horse racing, and ankle bone shooting) during this period. Here is a short description about Horse Racing.
Horse racing is considered as one of the main games of Naadam festival. It is also organized during the ceremonies like traditional weddings, birthday of an elderly, anniversary of aand religious observances and so on. And racing distance depends on horses age, it’s arranged by under the 5 different distances.
Daaga (2 years old) – 10 -12km
Shudlen (3 years old) – 14 – 16km
Khyzaalan (4 years old) – 18 – 20km
Soyolon (5 years old) – 22 – 25km
Ikh nas (6 years old) – 25 – 30km
Ambler (no age limit) – 15km
#khantravel #khantravelmongolia #mongolia #horseracing
The Parliament House was located on the second floor of current National Education University of Mongolia in 1930. Since then it has changed its location few times until 1951 the year they got their own official Parliament House. It is 35,804 meter square and includes about 40 cabinets such as 10 conference halls, restaurant, library, gym, laundry shop, barber shop, pharmacy etc. The Parliament House is workplace of President of Mongolia, governor’s office and the general association of election. Nearly 1000 employees work at The Parliament House, also it safe keeps almost 100 precious rare paintings, 10 sculptures, carvings and the Mongolian 10 walled ger (yurt) with a statue of Chinggis Khan sitting on the throne.