Altai mountain

Which mountain range would you find in Mongolia?

The Altai Mountains can be found in the west of Mongolia and include the five peaks of Tavan Bogd (Five Saints). The highest of these, and the highest peak in Mongolia, is Huiten Uul (Mt Cold) which is 4374m. The Sayan Mountains lie north of Mongolia in Russia, the Khinggan Mountains can be found in the Chinese province of Inner Mongolia while Tian Shan stretches across Kyrgyzstan and the Chinese province of Xinjiang Uygur.

Geography of Mongolia

Mongolia is a landlocked country in Central Asia and East Asia, located between China and Russia. The terrain is one of mountains and rolling plateaus, with a high degree of relief. The total land area of Mongolia is 1,564,116 square kilometers. Overall, the land slopes from the high Altai Mountains of the west and the north to plains and depressions in the east and the south. The Khuiten Peak in extreme western Mongolia on the Chinese border is the highest point (4,374 meters). The lowest is 518 meters, an otherwise undistinguished spot in the eastern Mongolian plain. The country has an average elevation of 1,580 meters. The landscape includes one of Asia’s largest, (second in the world) freshwater lakes (Lake Khuvsgul), many salt lakes, marshes, sand dunes, rolling grasslands, alpine forests, and permanent mountain glaciers. Northern and western Mongolia are seismically active zones, with frequent earthquakes and many hot springs and extinct volcanoes.

Air-dried meat (Borts)

Borts is dried meat (usually of beef, goat or sheep) similar to jerkey. Mongolian nomadic lifestyle and the extreme climatic conditions gave rise to specific methods of preserving meat. The fresh meat is cut into long strips, 2-4 cm thick and 15-30 cm long. The strips are hung on strings in shaded parts of the yurt or in the barn, where the air is free to circulate. After a month or two, the fresh meat turns into dry, hard sticks of brown color, borts. Compared to fresh meat, borts is 4 times lighter, convenient to store upto 3years and still preserves all of its nutritional values, therefore perfect for our nomadic lifestyle

Notes when you visit the monasteries and temples in Mongolia.

There are 136 Buddhist monasteries and temples in Mongolia. You will probably see at least few of them during your visit. It doesn’t matter if you are Christian, Catholic or Muslim, when you visit Buddhist temples and monasteries you should take off your hat and step over the threshold (not step on it) with right leg. It means the visitor is showing respects and mindfulness. Also, avoid speaking loudly and touching deities sculptures. Furthermore I’d like to remind you do dress appropriately, do not wear short skirts, shorts and backless clothes. #khantravelmongolia #khantravel

Mongolian Language

Mongolian language is one of oldest languages in the world. During the great conquest Mongolian language was near to Lingua Franca. There are some hypothesis that, Altaic languages such as Mongolian, Turkish and Tunisian are not relative languages, but mutually reflected and interaction and Mongolian language is independent language. So, researches classifying Mongolian language into few sub-classes.

  1. Mongolian language for Mongols from Mongolian republic and Mongols from China’s Inner Mongolia.

2 – 3. Languages for Buriats and Kalmyk’s from Russia

4 – 8. Language for Uighurs, mongors and buukhans from China and mogols from Afghanistan.

It is wrong idea, where language substituted by dialects, in dependence from political and administration division. In the reality, only on Mongolian language. The Mongolian script has a great role in the formation and development of Mongolian language. This script had preserved a common literature language, because was formed for adequate service to all of dialects. Unfortunately, Russian Bolsheviks had attached to this common literary language. They had prohibited Kalmyk’s Buriats and Tuvas from 1927 to 1931 to use Mongolian language as a literary language. In 1944, Soviet Union had exported ultimatum like new script, based on krill script and Mongolian language. Development had oriented a wrong direction. During the <<Cultural Revolution>> inner Mongols had reaction by Chinese <<red defenders>> in language.

There are many precious historical, religion and literary creations was wrote with thousand year old Mongolian language and many of them preserved to our generation.

Mongolian Astronaut

Born in Gurvanbulag, Bulgan, Gurragchaa studied in Ulaanbaatar to become an aerospace engineer. In 1966, he joined the Mongolian Air Force. Graduated from the Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy in 1978. He was selected as part of the eighth Intercosmos program on 1 March 1978, at time he was in the rank of Major General. His backup was Maidarjavyn Ganzorig. Gürragchaa, along with Soviet cosmonaut Vladimir Janibekov, departed from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 22 March 1981. They docked with Salyut 6. While in orbit, Janibekov and Gurragchaa carried out experiments on earth science. After 124 orbits and 7 days, 20 hours and 42 minutes in space, Gurragchaa and Janibekov landed 170 km southeast of Jezkasgan. 

Fishing in Mongolia

More than 60 species of fish exist in Mongolian lakes and rivers, around 28 of which are for fishing. The official fishing season starts from June 15th, shortly after the spawning period and closes as of November 1st. namely perch, Lenok or trout, taimen are the widely fished. Taimen, known as the “king” fish of Mongolia can live up to 50 years and reach 60 inches (1.5m). Anglers catch and release hundreds of Taimen annually, due in part to conserve these beautiful creatures. Moreover, all foreign anglers must have a fishing license, referred to as a “Taimen Permit”

Milk Tea

When you visit Mongolian family they would offer you some hot drinks and foods. The housewife will give you a cup of milk Tea. As a respectful gesture she offers the tea with her right hand holding the right elbow with her left hand. Guests should receive the cup of tea in the same way, meaning guests and hosts consider each other. You will find milk tea whenever and wherever you want in Mongolia, at fancy restaurants, small cafes and during celebrations. There are few different types of milk tea that contains borts (air dried meat), sheep tail, and rice etc. Generally it depends on which province you are in. Typically Milk Tea tastes salty but delicious and filling. #KhantravelMongolia

Ankle bone shooting

Ankle bone shooting began in 13th century in central Mongolia, also it was a game only for authorities. Afterwards ankle bone shooting has been widespread around Mongolia as a traditional game. Since 2001 ankle bone shooting officially declared as one of the main games of Naadam festival.
The shooting target distance is 4.7m. Each team has 8 members and it takes about 80 minutes in one competition.

Prayer Wheel

You can see these prayer wheels everywhere in Buddhist monasteries and temples. Because this is one of the common equipment to pray. Also it has the sole mantra Um Mani Padme Hum written in Newari, language of Nepal. #KhantravelMongolia