Mongol, Turk and Jurchen races had been living in the Mongolian territory from ancient times. They alternatively ruled over each other. However the first politically organized community was the Hunnu State. It was the prototype of the states of Mongolia. According to the chronicles, there was a nomadic tribe Khu in the 5th century BCE. The people was engaged in animal husbandry and each tribe had its chief cleric. They formed a confederation of tribes. Those were the Hunnu people who became particularly prosperous in the 4th century BCE. The confederation annexed 24 Hunnu aimags. Tumen was named of the Khaan of the Hunnu. Tumen belonged to the aristocratic family of the Khian tribe. It was since that period that Khaan ceased to be elected at the conference, but became a dynastic title. Hunnu people fell victims of the aggressive policy pursued by the Ching dynasty, and aimed at expanding the territory to the north. The Hunnus were driven far from the Ordos territory. The Chinese fortified their new Great Wall. Tumen khaan made unsuccessful attempts to unite various Hun aimags and organize the state. Tumen Khaan, induced by his young wife, made his son by his youngest wife, the heir to the throne. But his elder son Modun, assassinated both his father and his younger sibling and seized the throne in 209 BCE. The Hunnu state was not a merely Mongol State. It was the first organized State among the nomadic people of the Central Asia. Modun khaan annexed the territories in the north and west. In 200 BCE he defeated the Chinese. In 198 BCE Modun khaan conquered western Turkestan and controlled the trade road, which connected the West and East. The Hunnu State developed into great power. The territory of the Hunnu State extended from the Ordos to the lake Baikal, and from the Khyangan mountain range to the Altai mountain range. However, the Hun Dynasty of China had been consistently pursuing on the “divide and rule” policy, which in the end brought to the breakup of the Hunnu State in 48 BCE, and further collapse.
If you ever have a situation to drive in Ulaanbaatar, here are some required information for you.
1. Ulaanbaatar has around 600,000 cars and approximately 400,000 vehicles to get into the traffic per day.
2. 1st lane is only for buses, lined buses, and the taxies.
3. The personal vehicles are not allowed to participate in traffic for a day between 8am to 8pm in a week, it depends on vehicle’s plate number. For example: if it ends with 1 or 6 will be on Monday, 2 or 7 on Tuesday etc.
4. Speed limit in the city – 60kmh or 37.2mph
5. Drive on the right side
6. Driver’s license required, starting from 18 years old (motorcycle is 16)
7. If driver is carrying a baby in a car, kid’s seat belt or baby chair is required for children under 12.
Mongolia is home to the second largest population of snow leopards in the world
We’re providing car rental (with driver) services
Inclusion: Driver and vehicle insurances
Exclusion: Fuel, driver’s accommodation and food (if trip duration is more than a day)
Note: Standard driving distance per day is 450 kilometers
When divided by the number of days, Mongolia has 131 days of winter, 65 days of spring, 90 days of summer and 80 days of autumn. The longest season is winter, with an average temperature -20, but in the coldest part of the country dropping down to -26 degrees C during the day and -50 degree C at night. Furthermore, Mongolia’s capital, Ulaanbaatar is considered as the coldest capital city in the world.